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Obesity Treatment

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Obesity is a complex disorder characterised by an excess of body fat. Obesity is more than a cosmetic problem. It’s a medical condition that raises the chances of developing other illnesses and health issues including heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancers.

There are a variety of reasons why some people struggle to avoid becoming obese. Obesity is usually caused by a combination of genetic and environmental causes, as well as personal diet and exercise choices.

The good news is that even small weight loss can help or avoid obesity-related health issues. Weight loss can be achieved by dietary changes, increased physical activity, and behavioural changes. Obesity can also be treated with prescription drugs and weight-loss procedures.

What is the prevalence of obesity?

Obesity has been on the rise all over the world.

What are the dangers of obesity to one's health?

Obesity is not only a cosmetic issue; it is also detrimental to one’s health because it is a risk factor for a variety of diseases. 

Obesity also raises the risk of many chronic diseases, including heart disease and stroke. Obesity increases the risk of high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol levels, all of which are risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

  • Type 2 diabetes. Obesity can affect the way your body uses insulin to control blood sugar levels. This raises your risk of insulin resistance and diabetes.
  • Certain types of cancer: Obesity raises the chances of developing cancers of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, oesophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, and prostate.
  • Problems of digestion: Obesity raises the chances of developing heartburn, gallbladder disease, and liver issues.
  • Sexual and gynaecological issues: Obesity in women can lead to infertility and irregular periods. In men, obesity can lead to erectile dysfunction.
  • Apnea (sleep deprivation). Obese people are more likely to suffer from sleep apnea, a potentially fatal condition in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts while sleeping.
  • Osteoarthritis: It is a form of arthritis that affects the joints. Obesity raises the amount of stress exerted on weight-bearing joints while also causing inflammation in the body. Complications such as osteoarthritis may result from these factors.

What are the most common causes of obesity?

A person’s weight is determined by the combination of calorie intake and energy expenditure. An individual gains weight if he or she consumes more calories than he or she burns (metabolises) (the body will store the excess energy as fat). An individual will lose weight if he or she consumes fewer calories than they metabolise. As a result, overeating and physical inactivity are the two most common causes of obesity. In the end, biology, metabolism, climate, behaviour, and culture all play a role in body weight.

  1. Physical inactivity
  2. Overeating
  3. Genetics
  4. A diet high in simple carbohydrates
  5. Frequency of eating
  6. Medication
  7. Psychological factors
  8. Diseases – Hyperthyroidism, Polycystic ovary syndrome, 

What is the body mass index (BMI)?

If your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher, you are considered obese. To calculate your BMI, multiply your weight in pounds by your height in inches squared, then multiply by 703. Alternatively, multiply your weight in kilogrammes by your squared height in metres.

Overweight and obesity are described by a classification scheme that uses the BMI.

  • A BMI of 25 to 29.9 is defined as a “pre-obese.”
  • A BMI of 30 to 34.99 is defined as “obese class I.”
  • A BMI of 35 to 39.99 is defined as “obese class II.”
  • A BMI of or greater than 40.00 is defined as “obese class III.”

 

Maintaining the ideal body weight generally requires a balancing act between food intake and the calories required for energy by the body. What you eat determines who you are. Your ability to maintain and lose weight is influenced by the types and quantity of food you consume.

Medical research has shown that consuming the right foods will improve the health of people of all age groups.

  • Eat a variety of foods.
  • Balance the food you eat with physical activity — maintain or improve your weight.
  • Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables, and fruits.
  • Choose a diet low in fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol.
  • Choose a diet moderate in sugars.
  • Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium.

 

To know more about obesity related issue, meet Dr Shubhashree Patil for Obesity Treatment in Andheri.